Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”

Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”:-Dengue fever is an infection caused by the dengue virus. This virus spreads through mosquitoes. It is very important to treat dengue on time. Dengue is also called bone fever because people suffering from this are so much pain that their bones have broken. Some symptoms of dengue fever include fever, headache, red rash on the skin, and pain in the muscles and joints. In some people, dengue fever takes a form in a day or two which becomes a threat to life. Dengue is a hemorrhagic fever, which causes bloodletting or leakage in blood vessels and low levels of blood platelets (which causes blood to accumulate). There is also dengue shock syndrome, which leads to dangerous blood pressure.

Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”

Dengue: "Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome"
Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”

Dengue virus

The dengue virus has increased dramatically in the last 20 years and has become one of the most serious human pathogens that mosquitoes must respond to in tropical countries. Current estimates indicate that up to 390 million infections occur each year, and many dengue infections are considered increasingly asymptomatic or subclinical.

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is a tropical mosquito-borne disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms usually begin 3 to 14 days after infection. This may include high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pain, and a characteristic rash. Recovery usually takes two to seven days. In a small number of cases, the disease turns into severe dengue fever, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, which leads to bleeding, low levels of platelets in the blood and plasma loss, or entry into shock syndrome. Dengue, where dangerous hypotension occurs.

Dengue fever is transmitted by several female Aedes mosquitoes, mainly A. The virus has five types of infections, one of which generally has lifelong immunity to this type, but only short-term immunity to other types. Different types of subsequent infections increase the risk of serious complications. There are several tests available to confirm the diagnosis, including antibodies to detect the virus or its RNA. (Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”)

Dengue Symptoms

Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”-Usually, people infected with dengue virus have symptoms (80%) or only mild symptoms, such as fever. Others have more serious diseases (5%) and only a small percentage of them can be fatal. The incubation period (the time between exposure and the onset of symptoms) is 3 to 14 days, but the most common is 4 to 7 days. Therefore, if fever or other symptoms begin more than 14 days after arriving home, passengers returning from the endemic area are less likely to have dengue fever. Children often experience symptoms similar to the common cold and gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea) and have an increased risk of serious complications, although the initial symptoms are usually mild but include a high fever.

The characteristic symptoms of dengue

Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”-fever are sudden fever, headache (usually behind the eyes), muscle and joint pain and rash. The alternative name for dengue fever “broken bone fever” comes from related muscle and joint pain. The infection process is divided into three phases: fever, critical illness, and recovery.

The fever phase involves high fever, which can exceed 40 ° C (104 ° F) with systemic pain and headache; This usually lasts two to seven days. Nausea and vomiting can also occur. At the onset of redness of the skin on the first or second day of symptoms, or in the latter stages of the disease (days 4-7), 50-80% of rashes develop rashes, such as measles-like rashes. An eruption called “white island in the red ocean” was also observed. At this point, some defects may occur (small red spots that do not disappear when the skin is compressed, which is caused by capillary rupture), or there may be slight bleeding in the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose. The fever itself is a typical two-phase or back, it breaks and then returns for a day or two.

Tourniquet test

Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”-The tourniquet test (also known as the Rumpel-Leede capillary fragility test or capillary fragility test for short) determines the capillary fragility. It is a clinical diagnostic method to determine the bleeding tendency of a patient. It evaluates the fragility of the capillary wall and is used to identify thrombocytopenia (reduced platelet count).

This test is part of the WHO dengue diagnostic algorithm. The blood pressure cuff was applied and inflated to a midpoint between systolic and diastolic pressure for 5 minutes. If there are more than 10 to 20 defects per square inch, the test result is positive.

Treatment of dengue

Dengue: "Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome"
Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”

Ordinary dengue can be treated at home only

According to medical science, dengue is divided into three parts. Classical (simple) dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Ordinary dengue itself is cured, but if the DHF treatment is not initiated, it can also be done on the patient’s life.

Simple dengue fever

After cold, high fever, head, muscles, joints and back pain in the eyes. Feeling too much weakness, lack of appetite, dizziness and bad taste, poor pain in the neck, red rashes on the face, neck, and chest.

Shock syndrome

In this, the patient becomes very restless and in spite of high fever, the skin feels cold. The patient slowly starts losing consciousness. The patient’s pulse seems to be fast and sometimes slow. Her blood pressure is completely low.

Hemorrhagic fever

Dengue hemorrhagic fever may prove to be dangerous. In this, the number of platelets and white blood cells starts decreasing. In it, bleeding from the nose and gums, bleeding in the chest or vomiting, small or dark rashes of dark blue-black on the skin fall.

Living in Southeast Asia, South and Central America, sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Caribbean or in Southeast Asia can increase the risk of getting dengue virus. Other people with higher risks include:

  • Baby and child
  • Pregnant women (viruses can pass from mother to fetus)
  • Elderly
  • Those with impaired immune systems

urgent matter

Dengue: “Hemorrhagic Fever and Shock Syndrome”-Many times the patient goes from dengue to multiple organ failure. The fluids present in the cells are exited. Water is stored inside the stomach. The lungs and liver have a bad effect and they stop working. After 3-5 days of mosquito bites, symptoms of dengue fever appear in the patient. In some cases, the time to develop the disease in the body may also be 3 to 10 days.

If there is a single symptom of DSS or DHF in the patient, then take him to the doctor immediately. In this platelets are reduced, which can affect body parts. Not every patient of dengue fever is required to carry platelets, only platelets are clogged when dengue hemorrhagic and dengue shock syndrome are a fever.

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