“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “

“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “:-The lack of iron content in the body is called anemia which is often not understood. This disease is considered a common disease. When our body lacks necessary minerals, then the body can not make enough healthy red blood cells. Which is rich in Iron-rich proteins. Its function is to deliver oxygen to the lungs. Know What’s “Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “.


  1. What is Anemia?
  2. What causes Anemia?
  3. How Anemia is Diagnosed?
  4. How to Prevent Anemia?
  5. What is the treatment of Anemia?
  6. Who is at risk of Anemia?
  7. Living with Anemia
  8. Points to remember about Anemia

“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “

1. What is Anemia?

Anemia can be described as a red blood cell count or a disease with reduced hemoglobin. In addition to red blood cell counts or hemoglobin reduction, the shape of red blood cells (i.e., deformed cells or cells) also affects the supply of oxygen to the tissue.

The normal hemoglobin level depends on the age and sex of the person. Like men, hemoglobin levels below 13.5 g / 100 ml and female hemoglobin levels below 12.0 g / 100 ml are considered signs of anemia. Hemoglobin is a substance found in red blood cells that helps carry oxygen to all organs and cells of the body and eliminates harmful gases (i.e. carbon dioxide). Its absence leads to anemia.

There are several different types of anemia. Some common and known anemias are iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B-12 anemia (drag anemia), thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Regardless of the cause and type of anemia, the entire body is affected. If you or any of your family members are pale (common symptoms of anemia), consult your doctor.

2. What causes Anemia?

"Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment "
“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “

It reduces the body’s ability to produce red blood cells.

Bleeding causes red blood cells to lose faster than they form.

Excessive destruction of red blood cells in the body.

Here are some common reasons for anemia.

Iron deficiency anemia: This is the most common cause of anemia, caused by iron deficiency (this is an element in your body that helps hemoglobin formation). When your body is deficient in iron, it does not produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.

Vitamin Deficient Anemia: In addition to iron, your body needs certain vitamins (such as folic acid and vitamin B-12) and minerals to produce a sufficient amount of healthy red blood cells and hemoglobin. If your diet lacks these vitamins and other key nutrients, the synthesis of red blood cells will be affected.

Anemia from chronic disease: cancer, HIV / AIDS, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and other chronic diseases can affect the production of red blood cells and hemoglobin, which leads to chronic anemia.

Aplastic anemia: in this very rare life-threatening anemia, the ability of the bone marrow to form red blood cells is reduced. Aplastic anemia can be caused by certain infections, medications, and autoimmune diseases.

Hemolytic anemia: in this group of anemia, red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow. These anemia groups can be inherited or acquired (that is, you can develop them later in life).

Sickle cell anemia: in this inherited anemia, hemoglobin is defective, which causes the red blood cells to show an abnormally growing shape. These irregularly shaped red blood cells are destroyed prematurely, leading to anemia.

These are some of the common causes of anemia. There are several other causes of anemia, such as thalassemia, G6PD deficiency and spherocytosis. If you or any of your family members have anemia, talk with your doctor about the causes and treatment of anemia. {“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment” }

3. How Anemia is Diagnosed?

Anemia is a common disease. If you have symptoms and symptoms that indicate anemia, your doctor will examine you and recommend a check to confirm the diagnosis. Read for more information on how to diagnose anemia.

Medical history and physical exam: Your doctor will consider your complete medical history and perform a complete physical exam. The medical history may include questions about your diet, family history of anemia, bleeding and any other related symptoms. During the medical exam, the doctor will check your heartbeat, blood pressure, pulse, and breathing. Your doctor may also check your abdomen to feel the size of the liver and spleen.

Complete blood count (CBC): This test is used to calculate the number of three blood cells in a blood sample. The levels of erythrocytes (hematocrit) and hemoglobin were evaluated to confirm the type and severity of anemia. The normal value of adult hematocrit in men is 38.8-50% and 34.9-44.5% in women. The normal value of adult male hemoglobin is 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter, and the female is 12 to 15.5 grams per deciliter.

Peripheral blood smear test: Blood smears (blood cells under the microscope) were performed to determine the size and shape of red blood cells. This helps to make a diagnosis similar to iron deficiency anemia, the red blood cells appear smaller, the color is lighter than the normal color; anemia increases in the absence of vitamin B12; In sickle cell anemia, the shape of red blood cells are distorted. (“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “)

Other tests: Many other tests, such as the evaluation of iron and its related proteins in the blood, the bone marrow test can determine the root cause of anemia.

These are some of the tests performed on people with anemia. Your doctor will not complete all tests at once. The test will be recommended based on your symptoms, CBC or complete blood count results and other test results.

4. How to Prevent Anemia?

Anemia is a common disease, but there are hundreds of anemias. Some of the most common include iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B-12 anemia (creep anemia), thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Most people believe that anemia is caused by an inadequate intake of nutrients and that anemia can be corrected or prevented by diets and health supplements. However, only healthy diets and supplements can prevent all types of anemia. Read to learn how to prevent anemia.

How to choose a healthy diet: Although a healthy diet does not prevent all types of anemia, the most common types of anemia, such as iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia, can be prevented by eating a diet that contains multiple vitamins and nutrients. It includes foods rich in iron and vitamins (folic acid, vitamin B-12, vitamin C).“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “

  • Rich in food is beef and other meats, beans, lentils, iron-fortified grains, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.
  • Foods rich in folic acid include fruits and citrus juices, bananas, dark green leafy vegetables, beans, and fortified pieces of bread, cereals, and pasta.
  • Good sources of vitamin B-12 are meat and dairy products, as well as some cereals and soy products such as soy milk.
  • Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits, melons, and berries that help increase iron absorption.
  • Genetic counseling: If you have a family history of anemia, go to genetic counseling. Your doctor or genetic counselor can assess the risk of transmission of genetic anemia (such as sickle cell anemia, thalassemia) to your child.

5. What is the treatment of Anemia?

The treatment of anemia depends on the type, cause, and severity of the condition. Treatment may include changes in diet or supplements, medications or procedures.

Purpose of the treatment

The goal of treatment is to increase the amount of oxygen carried by the blood. This can be done by increasing the RBC count and/or hemoglobin levels. Another goal is to treat a possible condition or cause of anemia.

Changes in diet and supplements.

Low levels of vitamins or iron in the body can cause certain types of anemia. These low levels may be due to a poor diet or certain diseases or conditions.

To improve your vitamin or iron levels, your doctor may ask you to change your diet or take vitamin or iron supplements. Common vitamin supplements are vitamin B12 and folic acid (folic acid). Vitamin C can sometimes help the body absorb iron.


Your body needs iron to produce hemoglobin. Your body absorbs iron from meat more easily than from vegetables or other foods. To treat anemia, doctors may recommend eating more meat, especially red meat such as beef or liver, as well as chicken, turkey, pork, fish and shellfish.

Meatless foods that are good sources of iron include:

  • Spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables
  • Peanuts, peanut butter and almonds
  • Egg
  • Peas, lentils and white, red and roasted beans.
  • Dried fruits such as raisins, apricots, and peaches.
  • Prune juice
  • Iron is added to some foods such as cereals, bread, and pasta. You can check the nutritional label of food to see how much iron it contains. This amount is given as a percentage of the total amount of iron required per day.

Iron can be used as a mineral supplement. It is often combined with a variety of vitamins and other minerals to help your body absorb iron.

B12 vitamin

This type of anemia is usually treated with a vitamin B12 supplement.

Good food sources for vitamin B12 include:

  • Breakfast cereal with added vitamin B12
  • Meat such as beef, liver, poultry, fish, and seafood.
  • Eggs and dairy products (eg milk, yogurt, and cheese)

Folic acid

Folic acid (folic acid) is a vitamin B found in food. Your body needs folic acid to produce and maintain new cells. Folic acid is also important for pregnant women. It helps them avoid anemia and promote the healthy growth of the fetus.

Good sources of folic acid include:

  • Add folic acid bread, pasta, and rice.
  • Spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables
  • Black eye beans and dried beans
  • Bovine liver
  • Bananas, oranges, orange juice, and some other fruits and juices.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C helps the body absorb iron. Citrus fruits include oranges, grapefruits, oranges, and similar fruits. Fresh and frozen fruits, vegetables and juices generally contain more vitamin C than canned foods.

If you are taking medication, ask your doctor or pharmacist if you can eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice. This fruit affects the strength of some drugs and their effects.

Other fruits rich in vitamin C include kiwi, mango, apricot, strawberry, melon, and watermelon.

6. Who is at risk of Anemia?

Anemia is a medical condition in which the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin is reduced (resulting in a reduced supply of oxygen to the tissue). The factors that increase the risk of anemia are listed. Ready to find out who is more likely to develop anemia.

Children and women: young children and premenopausal women (women of childbearing age) have an increased risk of anemia. Teenagers, adult males, and postmenopausal women have the lowest risk.

A diet that lacks iron and certain vitamins: people who eat foods that are deficient in iron, vitamin B-12, and folic acid have an increased risk of anemia. Malnutrition is more frequent among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups.

Intestinal diseases: Intestinal diseases that affect the absorption of nutrients, such as Crohn’s disease and celiac disease, or the surgical removal of nutrients in the small intestine, increase the risk of anemia.

Menstruation: women of childbearing age have a higher risk of iron deficiency anemia than men and postmenopausal women because menstruation causes the loss of red blood cells. If the amount of menstruation is large, the risk of anemia will increase.

Pregnancy: pregnant women have an increased risk of iron deficiency anemia because the mother’s iron storage must meet her and her baby’s iron needs for hemoglobin synthesis.

Chronic diseases: Chronic diseases such as cancer, kidney or liver failure or other chronic diseases increase the risk of anemia (called chronic disease anemia).

Family history: People with a family history of hereditary anemia, such as sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, have an increased risk of developing the disease.
These are some of the conditions that increase(“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “)the risk of anemia. Other factors, such as certain infections, blood diseases, and autoimmune diseases, exposure to toxic chemicals and some medications can cause anemia.

7. Living with Anemia

There are several types of anemia, such as iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B-12 anemia (malignant anemia), thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Treatment depends on the cause of the anemia.

Iron deficiency anemia: This is the most common form of anemia, mainly dietary changes and iron supplements. However, if there are other causes of iron deficiency, such as blood loss caused by excessive menstrual flow, the root cause should be treated. Your doctor will recommend treatment based on the cause and severity of the anemia.

Vitamin Deficient Anemia: Folate deficiency anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency are the most common vitamin deficient anemias. Your doctor will recommend vitamin supplements and other measures if necessary.

Anemia due to chronic disease: many patients with chronic diseases such as kidney disease, liver disease, etc. They will suffer from anemia. The goal of treating this anemia is to correct the underlying disease. Depending on the severity of the anemia and your health, your doctor may recommend a blood transfusion or synthetic erythropoietin.

Aplastic anemia: the treatment of this anemia includes blood transfusions, certain medications, and essential bone marrow transplants.

Sickle cell anemia: the treatment of sickle cell anemia includes the administration of oxygen, pain relief medications, oral or intravenous infusion to relieve pain, blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, antibiotics and a cancer medicine called hydroxyurea. Some people with sickle cell anemia may undergo a bone marrow transplant.

These are some of the treatments for some common types of anemia. The treatment of anemia depends on the type of anemia and other factors, such as your response to treatment, medical history, and overall health. Your doctor will recommend a treatment based on your type and severity of anemia.“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “

8. Points to remember about Anemia

Anemia is a disease in which the number of red blood cells in the blood is below normal. This can also happen if you don’t have enough hemoglobin in the red blood cells. If there are not enough red blood cells or hemoglobin, the blood will not deliver enough oxygen to the body.

Hypoxia can cause fatigue and weakness in people with anemia. For severe or persistent anemia, hypoxia in the blood can damage the heart, brain and other organs of the body. Very serious anemia can even cause death.

There are three main causes of anemia: blood loss, lack of erythropoiesis or high rate of red blood cell destruction. These reasons may be due to many diseases, diseases or other factors.

Anemia is a common disease. It occurs in all age groups and all ethnic and ethnic groups. Women and people with chronic conditions have an increased risk of developing anemia.

The most common symptom of anemia feeling tired or weak. Other signs and symptoms include shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, cold hands and feet, pale skin and chest pain. Mild to moderate anemia may cause mild symptoms or have none.

Your doctor will diagnose anemia based on your medical and family history, physical exam, and test results and procedures. Usually, the first test used to diagnose anemia is the complete blood count (CBC). CBC measures many different parts of the blood.

The treatment of anemia depends on the type, cause, and severity of the condition. Treatment may include changes in diet or supplements, medications or procedures.

You can prevent the recurrence of certain types of anemia by changing your diet, taking supplements or treating the underlying disease.

Usually, you can treat and control anemia(“Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment “). If you have signs and symptoms of this condition, diagnose and treat immediately. After the proper treatment, many types of anemia are mild and short term.

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